A PTFE Encapsulated O-RING is a kind of encapsulated o-ring made from PTFE material. An O-ring is a round ring that is used as a gasket for sealing a connection. O-rings are typically constructed out of polyurethane, silicone, neoprene, nitrile rubber or fluorocarbon. These rings are commonly used in mechanical applications, such as pipe connections, and help to ensure a tight seal between two objects. O-rings are designed to be seated in a groove or housing that keeps the ring in place. Once in its track, the ring is compressed between the two pieces and, in turn, creates a strong seal where they meet.
The seal that a rubber or plastic O-ring creates can either exist in a motionless joint, such as between piping, or a movable joint, such as a hydraulic cylinder. However, movable joints often require that the O-ring be lubricated. In a moving enclosure this ensures slower deterioration of the O-ring and therefore, extends the useful life of the product.
PTFE possesses very low frictional properties, which is expressed as frictional coefficient. This measurement is relative and differs according to the materials brought into contact to generate or simulate friction. In terms of plastics, friction is usually observed against polished steel. To put the low friction coefficient of PTFE into proper perspective, it is the only known synthetic surface material to which the toe pads of a gecko fail to stick. This quality makes PTFE suitable for manufacturing parts that need to resist friction, such as gears and ball bearings.